• title card : HOT SNOW superimposed on a view up a quiet, rain-swept street in Chelsea
  • Peggy hugs Dr Keel around the neck and shoulders in the parlour
  • Spicer stares in shock at the 'phone as it rings
  • Spicer chomps a sandwich while Johnson looks nervous and Charlie is peevish
  • Peggy slumps against Dr Keel in the street
  • Publicity still: Steed seeks Dr Keel's help with the case

Series 1 - Episode 1
Hot Snow

by Ray Rigby, based upon a story by Patrick Brawn

Production completed: 30 December 1960. First transmission: 7 January 1961

TV Times summary

First of a new series in which personal tragedy propels young Dr. David Keel on an adventure with undercover men and dope gangs

Act I

A car pulls up in a rain-soaked street, the shady-looking driving, Spicer (Godfrey Quigley), getting out and scanning the houses until he sees the surgeries of Dr Tredding and Dr Keel; he goes around the corner and climbs over the side gate. Inside, Dr Tredding (Philip Stone) calls for his receptionist, Peggy (Catherine Woodville) who is busy kissing the other GP, Dr David Keel (Ian Hendry). She tells Keel she has to go and he relents, telling her he wants her to himself tomorrow; she goes to Tredding's office just as Spicer slips in the back door. Spooked by the sound of their voices, he hides in the waiting room and hears her return to Keel's room. She chides him that he's forgotten something but he can't work out what it is - bedroom, builders, paint, curtains, church, he'll tell "old Dick Tredding" about it so they have a best man to hold the ring... the ring!

Tredding meanwhile closes his books, lights his pipe and departs the office for the day, turning the light out. Spicer takes the opportunity to enter Tredding's surgery and starts opening the dispensary with a knife. He's startled when Tredding pops his head back in for a second, then goes looking for Dr Keel. David grabs Peggy as he enters and kisses her; Tredding stares at then then asks if he is correct in thinking Keel wants him to cover for him for a fortnight. Keels confirms it, saying he's getting married. "So am I", laughs Peggy, and Tredding swears he's seen it coming for months. They explain that Peggy's parents will not return from America for a year and asks him if he'd like to be best man, or give the bride away, and he says he'd be only too pleased to do both.

Spicer is startled when Tredding's 'phone suddenly rings and he hides behind the door when Peggy comes to answer it. She picks up the appointment book - revealing a plain brown paper parcel - and records the patient's name. She leaves and Spicer is about to grab the parcel when the 'phone rings again. Peggy returns and discovers it's the predatory Mrs Simpson who only wants to talk to Dr Keel, so Peggy calls him over. He talks to her, slapping Peggy to stop her kissing him while he's on the phone, and toys with the parcel as he organises a time to see the patient. Keel takes the parcel with him, much to Spicer's disgust; Spicer then hears them arrange to meet outside Vinson's at 5:15. Peggy gives the parcel to Tredding, mistaking it for a sample, and he says he'll look at it after he's finishes the paper - she'd better run along or she'll be late, and she's not to forget Mrs Hudson's prescription. Rolling his eyes, Spicer gives up and vaults back over the gate then drives off.

Across town, Johnson (Charles Wade) and Charlie (Murray Melvin) are discussing the cock-up, Charlie saying that the receptionist got a good look at Johnson when he delivered the parcel - he must have been coked up when he did it. Johnson swears blind he was sober and went to the address after looking it up - Dr Tredding - and delivered a parcel addressed to him. Charlie accuses him of still being high, saying he'll have to explain to the big man how he lost £4,000 worth of snow if they open it and discover the contents.
Johnson is shocked to discover the 'big man' already knows. Spicer returns and says the package is still unopened, but he couldn't retrieve it; the girl definitely saw Johnson though. Johnson hopes they can go back tonight and Charlie laughs nastily, "Maybe we could send you", then phones his boss who tells him it's the girl or Johnson. Charlie says Johnson wouldn't be too hard..

BIG MAN: He may be a fool but he’s useful, Charlie. He knows the contacts. No, I’m afraid it’s the girl who’s expendable. Give me Spicer.
BIG MAN: Ah, Spicer. I’m afraid the girl will have to go quickly.
SPICER: Alright. Today. Five fifteen this afternoon.

Spicer's suggestion delights the big man, who hangs up. Spicer asks the spivvy Charlie if he knows where Vinson's jewellers is, muttering "Yeah, you would" when he says he does, and orders him to drive them all there. Johnson nervously asks where they're going and is told they're "going to look at some engagement rings".

They park in the street as pedestrians rush through the rain, and Spicer readies his sniper rifle in the back seat. He trains the sight on Dr Keel, who is waiting outside the shop already. Peggy pushes her way through the crowd and kisses him but when they turn to enter the shop Spicer pull the trigger and she slumps against him, dead. Dr Keel hugs her to him and when he discovers the blood seeping through her coat, he stares around at the street in shock and distress while an onlooker calls a taxi to take her to hospital...

And there we leave it.
Sadly, the other two reels of the episode are yet to be found and may no longer exist. The rest of the episode we know from the camera script and associated original paperwork, as well as extracts of the script in Patrick Macnee's book, The Avengers and Me, and Dave Rogers' research of the original script and paperwork. The following summary for the rest of the spisode is written from the original scripts. There may have been changes made during filming.

Act II

Dr Keel is determined to bring Peggy's killer to justice but is dismayed when he finds the police have insufficient evidence to proceed. He is offended that they have suggested she had become mixed up in something but Dr Tredding pulls him aside and reminds him about the parcel.

TREDDING: I thought it was a sample, put it aside and didn’t bother to open it.
KEEL: Well, what about it?
TREDDING: Do you know what this is? It’s heroin. About ½ lb. Do you realise how much this would be worth outside? A small fortune!

Dr Keel resolves to find the killers himself and follows the trail to the consulting rooms of Dr Treading, a dubious GP who was the intended recipient of the package of heroin.

When he arrives at Treading's surgery, a stranger (Patrick Macnee) opens the door and tells him to come in, then departs hurriedly. Inside, all is quiet and Keel discovers Treading's body in the bedroom, beside some suitcases.
Coming back out, he encounters Stella (Moira Redmond), a nervous woman who has arrived to see Dr Treading. She confirms the body is Treading but wants nothing to do with it. Keel gets tough with her; he knows a junkie when he sees one; but she doesn't know anything so he lets her go when she refuses proper treatment. A short time later, Inspector Wilson and his sergeant (Alister Williamson and Astor Sklair) arrive and Keel shows them the body and describes the mysterious stranger. Keel then returns to his flat where he finds the stranger - it is John Steed, but he doesn't disclose his name - sitting in an armchair in his lounge. Steed apologises for breaking in through the window then continues.

STEED: I was very sorry to hear about your fiancée. You know I think I could be of some assistance to you.
KEEL: I think you could be of some assistance to the police!
STEED: I shouldn’t do that until you’ve heard what I have to say. Presuming to put myself in your position, if I thought somebody might be able to help me, I shouldn’t throw him out, or have him arrested, until he’d told me what I wanted to know ... and if he could lead me to the killer ...
KEEL: Who are you?
STEED: I’m very sorry I can’t tell you that. But I’m on the side of the angels, believe me.

Steed persuades him his only chance of vengeance will come through his assistance - Steed wants Peggy's killer as much as Keel does. Steed persuades him to pose as a cash-strapped GP who has decided he's had enough and seeks the easy riches of a life pushing heroin; he will have a visit the following afternoon at 4:30 from the courier, after which they'll be in business.


The drug courier is Johnson, who delivers the package and then asks for a favour - Stella walks in and Johnson asks for her to have "a little treatment". Steed meanwhile is playing poker with Charlie and tells him he is playing Keel, who has been talked into handling the stuff and by now been compromised by Stella. Steed tells Charlie that Keel knows he's being used but thinks himself clever enough to get out at the last moment - but will just end up in the noose. If Spicer hadn't killed Treading before Steed arrived they might have saved themselves some trouble! When Steed leaves, Charlies orders Spicer to follow him...

Steed visits Keel and learns he evaded the trap by prescribing Stella a proper treatment rather than giving her heroin. Steed tells him to refuse to co-operate with the gang and hint he may go to the police. He warns him the man they send to kill him will be the man who killed Peggy. However, Spicer is watching the surgery and phones Charlie to inform him Steed is talking to Keel...

Johnson returns to the surgery, asking for a dose but Keel rebuffs him as planned - and he tells him he didn't give any to Stella either so they have nothing on him. Dr Tredding interrupts, defusing the situation, and Johnson leaves. Keel then has to negotiate his way carefully around the somewhat predatory diplomat's wife, Mrs Simpson (June Monkhouse), who is his next patient. She describes being "crushed against a door by a press attache" and is upset that Keel is not going to give her a massage, or make a house call.

MRS SIMPSON: Well, Dr. Keel - if you are not going to visit me again professionally why don’t you drop in one evening for dinner?
KEEL: Thank you - I -
MRS SIMPSON: My husband will be delighted to see you. Perhaps we could do a show? All three of us.

David receives a call from Steed, telling him to be outside Vinson's in 30 minutes and he is to get into the killer's car when ordered to. Steed hangs up and turns to Charlie:

STEED: We’ll pick him up at 12.15 By 1.15 he’ll be floating out on the tide. Get Spicer.

Spicer arrives in the car and as Keel gets into the car a shot rings out and Charlie, who was approaching the car, falls to the ground. Spicer decides to make a break for it so Keel hits Spicer and they fight, but the assassin escapes just before the police, who have been tailing Keel, arrive. Wilson tells him they'd been told about a rendezvous at the docks from a tip-off. Rogers informs them Chalie is dead from a single shot; Wilson muses that Keel is lucky - Charlie had been aiming at him and whoever shot him saved Keel's life, which makes the doctor pause for thought.

WILSON: Next time you may not be so lucky. May I suggest that you stick to medicine sir, and leave police work to us.
KEEL: That’s good advice Superintendent, but the work isn’t quite finished yet, is it?

[continued in Brought to Book]


Legend:CreditedCredited but not listed in TV TimesUncredited
Dr Richard J. Tredding Philip Stone regular007Carry On..Indiana JonesThe SaintJason King
Peggy Stevens Catherine Woodville regularDangermanThe Saint
Dr David Keel Ian Hendry regularDangermanPolice SurgeonThe SaintThe Sweeney
Spicer Godfrey Quigley regularThe ChampionsDoctor WhoThe Saint
Charlie Murray Melvin
Johnson Charles Wade Doctor Who
(actors below were not seen in Act One)
Detective Superintendent Wilson Alister Williamson regularThe SaintDad's ArmyAdam AdamantPolice Surgeon
Stella ® Moira Redmond regularDangermanPink PantherThe SaintThe Sweeney
Sgt Rogers ® Astor Sklair
John Steed Patrick Macnee regular007
Mrs Simpson ® June Monkhouse
Big Man (Nick Mason) Philip Stone regular007Carry On..Indiana JonesThe SaintJason King (unconfirmed, his face is not seen)
Dr Treading (corpse) unknown
Patient unknown

Images from other sources: Moira Redmond from an episode of "Dangerman": "Under the Lake"; June Monkhouse from "Spotlight" July 1953; Astor Sklair from a still supplied to me by Astor himself.


Legend:CreditedCredited but not listed in TV TimesUncredited
Teleplay by Ray Rigby
based upon a story by Patrick Brawn regular
"The Avengers" Theme composed and played by Johnny Dankworth regular
Designed by Alpho O'Reilly regularPolice Surgeon
Producer Leonard White regularCallanPolice Surgeon
Directed by Don Leaver regularCallanPolice Surgeon
Story editor Patrick Brawn regular
Production Assistant Barbara Forster regular
Floor Manager Patrick Kennedy regular
Stage Manager Nansi Davies regular
Call Boy unknown
Lighting Director Bob Simmons regular
Operational Supervisor unknown
Senior Cameraman Tom Clegg regular007Carry On..Adam AdamantThe SaintThe ProfessionalsThe SweeneySpace 1999
Sound Supervisor John Tasker regular
Vision Mixer Del Randall regular
An ABC Network Production

Production and transmission details

AMPEX recording: Friday, 30th December 1960 18.00 - 19.00
Studio details: Teddington Two
Production No. 3365
Tape No. VTR/ABC/1040
Transmission: Saturday, 7th January 1961


Thursday, 29th December 1960
Camera Rehearsal10.00 - 12.30
Lunch Break12.30 - 13.30
Camera Rehearsal13.30 - 18.00
Supper Break18.00 - 19.00
Camera Rehearsal19.00 - 21.00
Friday, 30th December 1960
Camera Rehearsal10.00 - 12.30
Lunch Break12.30 - 13.30
Camera Rehearsal13.30 - 15.15
Tea Break, Line Up, Normal Scan, Make-up15.15 - 16.00
Dress Rehearsal16.00 - 17.30
Line Up17.30 - 18.00
AMPEX RECORDING18.00 - 19.00


Cameras: 4 Pedestals
Sound: 3 Booms, Grams, Tape
Telecine: A.B.C. Symbol, 35mm mute inserts and slides

Running time: 59.45 = Play portion: 55.05 + 2 commercial breaks; 2.05 & 2.35

TV Times listing

TV times listing for January 7 1961, showing The Avengers in the 10pm timeslot (December 30 1960 Northern edition) TV times listing for March 18 1961, showing The Avengers in the 10pm timeslot (March 10 1961 London edition) - in addition to the Northern edition, it has a call-out box announcing 'First of a new series'

Teleplay by Ray Rigby
Based on a story by Patrick Brawn
Also starring

Dr Tredding Philip Stone
Peggy Catherine Woodville
Dr. David Keel Ian Hendry
Spicer Godfrey Quigley
Charlie Murray Melvin
Johnson Charles Wade
Det.-Supt. Wilson Alister Williamson
Stella Moira Redmond
Sgt. Rogers Astor Sklair
Steed Patrick Macnee
Mrs. Simpson June Monkhouse

“The Avengers” theme composed and
played by Johnny Dankworth
Designed by Alpho O’Reilly
Directed by DON LEAVER

First of a new series in which personal
tragedy propels young Dr David Keel on
an adventure with undercover men and
dope gangs

Regional broadcasts

ITV BroadcasterDateTime
ABC Midlands7/01/196110.00pm
ABC North7/01/196110.00pm
Anglia Television--
Southern Television18/03/196110.00pm
Tyne Tees Television18/03/196110.00pm
Television Wales & West18/03/196110.00pm
Ulster Television18/03/196110.00pm
Westward Television--
Scottish Television--
Border Television--
Grampian Television--

Episode availability

  • Video - the first act, recovered from the UCLA library, is available on DVD and Digital download, released by Studio Canal. There are two versions of a reconstruction of acts II and III, also on these DVDs
  • Audio - reconstruction in The Lost Episodes vol. 1, by Big Finish
  • Script - unmarked archive copy of the original camera script, plot outline, properties list, wardrobe & make-up list, and script extracts, from private collections and distributed by Studio Canal
  • Publicity Stills - 2
  • Tele-Snaps - none


  1. The plates outside the surgery read Dr D.H. Keel and Dr R.J. Tredding
  2. 3:48 - there's a spot on the camera lens in the top right corner.
  3. 6:43 - Tredding's 'phone number is SLOane 0181, which ties in with the external shots filmed around Chelsea and Sloane Square. SLOane 0181 was a special telephone number reserved for television use, it turns up in other ITV productions of the time.
  4. Spicer and the gang drive a Humber Hawk Mk. IV 1959 saloon, licence plate GBD 222, we later see a decidedly ancient Austin taxi, licence plate OGP 912.
  5. 12:06 - loss of focus as Charlie dials Vance's number.
  6. 14:01 - slight zoom in and blur as vision switches to Keel outside Vinson's.
  7. 14:40 - there's no sound when Spicer fires his sniper rifle, which may be intentional: the draft script mentions a silenced rifle but the prop rifle does not appear to have a suppressor attached. The camera script does not indicate any FX to be used is the scene.
  8. For many years, the Big Man was though to have been played by Robert James as he was the central gang leader in the second part, Brought to Book. This assumption was made in Dave Rogers' books and the error has been repeated ever since. However, a camera script of Hot Snow has been found and it makes no mention of who plays the Big Man at all. Watching and listening to the parts with the Big Man partially on screen, I'm guessing he was played by Philip Stone, who also plays Dr Tredding, putting on a cockney accent and donning a smoking jacket for his Blofeld-style scenes (noting that this was filmed before Blofeld had ever been described or filmed) - it's certainly not Robert James' bony hands in those shots!
    Vance being the Big Man would contradict Spicer's confession at the end of this episode, which implies Mason was the gang leader in question. He also names Peters who was the other thug alongside Spicer when Mason slashes Pretty Boy. Another possible indicator is the actor playing Mason, Charles Morgan, actually was a big man, whereas Robert James who played Ronnie Vance was tall and skinny. This is also backed up by Vance's gang all being new characters in Brought to Book. Spicer continues but Charlie is dead and Johnson seems to have gone missing. Maybe he "floated out on the tide".
  9. It would seem Terence Young was a fan of The Avengers and borrowed ideas from the episodes for his James Bond films. The Big Man only seen as a close-up of him petting an animal in his lap here is much like Blofeld in From Russia with Love - Fleming's books never mention Blofeld having a cat. Also in The Yellow Needle, there is a description of Ali that reminds us of Philip Locke's character Vargas in Thunderball - although that might have been from Fleming's description of Blofeld in the Thunderball novel.
  10. A memo dated 30 March 1962 proposed a replay season for the nine episodes not broadcast by ATV and Anglia and also the first two episodes, which had been seen on ATV but not Anglia. This proves that all live episodes had been recorded any may yet be out there somewhere.
  11. This episode was first broadcast to the ATV London, Southern, Tyne Tees, Television Wales & West, and Ulster regions on 18th March 1961, the same night as ABC Midlands, ABC Northern and Anglia were showing Hunt the Man Down. Accordingly, to make network schedules stay in line, Hunt the Man Down was deliberately given the exact same running time as this episode.

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